It is not that easy to choose the right dog for you. After all, the four-legged friend will accompany you for an average of 10 to 16 years. The living conditions should be right and the personalities of animal and owner should harmonize with each other. So give yourself enough time to research and don't be too hasty when choosing. The dog that suits you best is waiting for you out there at a reputable breeder, in an animal shelter or with private individuals.
1. Mixed breed or pedigree dog?
If you have very precise ideas about what your dog should look like and what essential characteristics it should have, you are on the safe side with a pedigree dog from a good breeder. Although the animals are also individuals with their own personality within the various dog breeds, characteristics such as temperament, people-relatedness or hunting instinct can usually be recognized in a similar form among representatives of the same dog breed. Especially if you have limited space, it can also be helpful to choose small dog breeds.
Mixed breeds are always like a surprise bag: it can contain all possible typical characteristics of the crossed breeds. But what these are will only become clear over time. With mixed breeds, it is therefore not possible to estimate how big they will grow later, whether they are calm or need a lot of action, whether they are suitable as a family dog or not. If you have no dog experience at all, this can be a risk. However, you can also adopt an adult crossbreed from the shelter. So you not only do something good, but you can also assess what you are getting into and whether the four-legged friend suits you. The same applies to so-called designer dogs. Two different breeds are deliberately mated with each other.
2. Beginners or experienced dog owners?
As an experienced dog owner, you have the free choice of whether you would rather bring in a headstrong dog who needs consistent training or a friendly four-legged friend who wants to please you and is very willing to learn. As a beginner, however, it is advisable to first stick to calm, less stubborn dog breeds. They also need consistent and loving dog training, but they make it a little easier for their owner or owner due to their willingness. This property is also known as "will to please".
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3. How much exercise does the dog need?
Another important criterion for choosing the right dog is his urge to move. If you are more of a sports person yourself, more comfortable dog breeds like the pug are more suitable than sporty breeds like the Jack Russell Terrier. For example, inquire about the dog breeds in the portrait, which characteristics the different dogs bring with them and what needs they have. Also think about how much time you can spare for your dog every day. Some dog breeds are more independent and can do themselves well, others are very attached to their people and quickly feel lonely.
4. Guard dog or family dog?
Not all dog breeds get along well with children, so they are suitable as family dogs. You should also consider this when choosing. Conversely, a sociable dog breed may feel lonely and unhappy in a household without children. If the dog is primarily to guard the house or fulfill a certain task as a companion dog, there are more or less suitable dog breeds for this.
5. Which puppy fits?
At the breeder or in the animal shelter, every puppy is cute first. The selection is not easy. The staff at the shelter and good breeders usually already know their offspring very well and can advise you. It may also be that there is a sudden spark between you and a certain four-legged friend and you know intuitively: This is the right one. If you buy a pedigree dog from the breeder, you can usually visit the litter a couple of times before adopting a small dog. In this way you can see for yourself which dogs are playing with the siblings and who are rather shy, who is approaching you curiously or who is a bit more reserved.