Bald spots in the fur of cats: causes

A certain degree of hair loss is completely normal in cats - however excessive hair loss, which causes bald spots in the fur, is not. The causes of FSA, the so-called Feline Self-Induced Alopecia, can be physical or psychological in nature and should be clarified urgently. Excessive cleaning leads to bald spots in the fur of cats - Image: Shutterstock / foaloce

Bald spots in the fur occur when cats groom themselves excessively and lick the fur too much. The cat's tongue has hard papillae with which the kitty tears her hair out, so to speak. One speaks today of the clinical picture of the "Feline self-induced alopecia" - FSA can be observed in cats of every breed and every sex, usually from an age of at least one year. Often the fur noses "epilate" secretly and the pet owner does not notice anything at all, so that when you discover the first bald spots the question arises as to what is wrong with the cat.

Parasites are the most common cause of bald spots in the fur

A flea infestation that causes itching is quickly diagnosed and can be treated. However, there are also a lot of other parasites that are not so easy to find and cause tingling in the cat's fur. Since parasites are one of the most common causes of bald spots, the cat should first be examined thoroughly by a veterinarian.

Other possible causes: allergies and diseases

Almost as often, allergies are the cause of itching in the cat. Dust, mites, pollen, detergents in the house or a food allergy can cause itching and should be eliminated as a cause by allergy tests. Especially when the cat is old, constant grooming can also indicate hormonal disorders such as an overactive thyroid. If other symptoms of illness appear in the cat, it should also be examined for organic causes.

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Psychological causes for bald spots in the fur?

It has not yet been clearly proven whether constant cleaning can be caused by psychological factors. If you and your veterinarian suspect that stress, moving house, a new family member, or a loss may be the cause of your pet's behavior, you should still try to find a solution to the problem and try to see if it helps improve. Bach flowers, homeopathic remedies and fragrances such as Feliway can have a supportive effect in consultation with the veterinarian.