The goal of punishments is actually to prevent certain behaviors. If you want to punish your dog, skill is required. If the punishment is too late or too violent, scare your dog away. In extreme cases, attachment and trust in the human-dog relationship suffer, your four-legged friend becomes afraid of you or develops aggression. If the punishment is too mild, your animal companion does not understand that he is doing something that he is not allowed to do.
Punish the dog: timing counts
The success of a punishment depends crucially on the right timing. The reprimand or the abort command ("Off", "No", "Pooh" etc.) must occur at the same time as the misconduct. Subsequent punishment can lead to incorrect links. For example, if you call your four-legged friend and he comes to you with a delay, you must not scold him. Otherwise, he associates the arrival with you with anger, not his late response to your call back. This mismatch can cause your dog to stop responding to the recall because he thinks he will be punished if he comes to you.
Dogs do not act out of malice
Before punishing your dog for not behaving as desired, consider what might be the cause. Dogs always behave in a way that is as comfortable as possible for them. They don't do this to annoy you or because they otherwise pursue malicious, vile motives, but because it's their nature. For example, if your dog doesn’t follow a command, doesn’t listen to you, or does something it shouldn’t, it’s not a power game to challenge you. Rather, he has not yet understood that the desired behavior is worthwhile for him. Or he didn't understand what the desired behavior is.
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Tips for the right criticism
A good upbringing lives not only from praise and reward, but also from appropriate criticism. Distract your furry friend from his misconduct with an abort command, gesture, or other signal to avoid doing it. Always remain calm and speak in a firm, deep voice. Choose short, concise commands that your dog can remember well and that are clearly different from the other commands.
For example, "Off!", "No!" or "ugh!" A "Kss!", A clapping of hands or a whistle can also serve as a demolition command. It is important that the commands always sound the same and always mean the same thing. Be patient and be consistent when teaching your dog the commands. Instead, divide the lessons into short, simple lessons and gradually increase the level of difficulty. Once your four-legged friend has understood something, you can increase the level of difficulty.
Tip: Always offer your dog an alternative for unwanted behavior. If he chews on your shoes, for example, interrupt his misconduct with your abort signal - and give him a chew instead.
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Punish and reward dog: interplay between blame and praise
Switch back and forth between punishment and reward in dog training. Desired behavior is strengthened, undesirable behavior is punished. There are two options for reinforcement and punishment:
● Positive reinforcement
● Negative gain
● Positive (direct) punishment
● Negative (indirect) punishment
"Positive" means that something is added. "Negative" means that something is taken away. With positive reinforcement, your dog will receive a reward if it behaves as desired. For example, he receives a treat or is praised when he comes to you on call back. Negative reinforcement means that something unpleasant for the dog is resolved. For example, if you take him for a walk and he pulls on a leash, you stop. As soon as he relaxes and leaves the leash loose, it continues. He learns: If I stop pulling on a leash, the walk is much more fun.
Positive punishment means adding something uncomfortable if your dog behaves incorrectly. For example, if you see him lifting his leg inside the apartment, say "Uh!" or some other termination signal. Negative punishment occurs when you take away something pleasant from your dog. For example, you can ignore him and ignore him if he demands too much attention.
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Penalties for dogs: never use aversive training methods!
Caution! Positive punishment can be a delicate matter if it is no longer uncomfortable for your dog, but does violence or hurts him, and may even hurt him. These are so-called aversive training methods, which can deeply unsettle and scare your animal companions. The result of this is behavioral problems that can range from anxiety disorders to depression to aggression.
You should definitely avoid the following "aids" in dog training:
● strangled collar
● Spiked collar
● Throw objects at dog
● Linen jerk (can lead to larynx injuries!)
● "Alpha throw" (throw dog on the ground)
● Push down the dog
● Snout handle