The demand for cats for allergy sufferers has increased steadily in recent years. But are there any domestic tigers that trigger fewer allergies than other congeners? First things first: The trigger for a cat allergy is the protein Fel d 1 (abbreviation for "Felis domesticus", Latin technical term for domestic cat). The cat hair itself is not the problem - the allergen is in the saliva, in the dander and the tears of the cats. However, she also spreads it on the fur when cleaning.
There are breeds that are supposed to produce less of the allergen than others. However, there is no guarantee that these cats will not cause allergy symptoms. The proportion of Fel d 1 can also vary within a cat breed.
These breeds are less likely to cause allergies
Breeds that can be suitable as cats for allergy sufferers include the Cornish Rex and other Rex cat breeds, the Sphynx cat, the Siberian cat and the Oriental shorthair, the Balinese, the Siamese and the Javanese cat. In addition, Norwegian forest cats, Persian cats, Ragdoll cats, Neva Masquerade and British Shorthair (BKH) often cause allergy sufferers less problems than other breeds. Some domestic cats also trigger fewer allergy symptoms than others.
The Cornish Rex is a mutation that first appeared in Cornwall. It is particularly characterized by its curly fur. The Sphynx cat is said to be "hairless", but in fact its skin is covered by a thin layer of hair. The Siberian cat comes from Russia, belongs to the forest cat breeds and has very long fur. The fur of the Oriental Shorthair, Javanese and Balinese is very short, fine and close-fitting. They have little undercoat and only little hair.
Oriental shorthair: clever and sociable
Cats for allergy sufferers: tips
In general, people with cat allergies should get female or neutered, male animals. Your production of Fel d 1 is lower than that of potent hangovers. The best motto for allergy sufferers is here: approach it carefully. If you want to try out whether a cat can tolerate your allergy, you can check with the breeder or in the shelter how you can cope with the house tiger. Spend some time with the kitty, stroke it and see if there are any allergy symptoms.
Other options for a cat allergy
Medicines with the active ingredient cetirizine help against cat allergy, at least in the short term - for example, if you are invited to visit friends of the cat or want to go to a cat café. That would be at least a little consolation if you cannot take in your own cats because of your allergy. Otherwise, the allergen exposure in the home can be kept as low as possible if you follow the tips below:
● Choose one smooth flooring, for example parquet, laminate or tiles
● Smooth upholstered furniture made of leather or synthetic leather are also helpful
● Sheets for allergy sufferers let fewer allergens through
● Change and wash your bed linen once a week
● Regularly vacuum both floor and furniture with one Allergy Vacuum Cleanerwhich has a HEPA filter. You should also wipe the floor more often
● Let your cat go not in bed sleep and generally not in the bedroom
● On air cleaner can also intercept some of the allergens
Also, discuss with your doctor whether hyposensitization is suitable for you. You will be given small amounts of the allergen under medical supervision over a period of several years so that your body gets used to it and stops seeing and fighting the substance as an "enemy".