Dog allergy: triggers and symptoms

If you suddenly have to sneeze in the presence of your four-legged friend, get itchy eyes or a headache, you could suffer from a dog allergy. In the following, we describe how it develops and what symptoms the sufferers suffer from. Dog allergy: It is important to recognize the symptoms as soon as possible - Image: Shutterstock / Marcella Miriello

Dog allergy can be congenital or sudden. Anyone who is afraid of suffering from such an allergic reaction will initially be pleased with good news: Dog allergy usually has less of an effect than an allergy to cat hair. Nevertheless, treatment makes sense, especially if you do not want to do without contact with dogs.

Dog Allergy: What Exactly Triggers Hypersensitivity?

A dog hair allergy is one of the so-called animal hair allergies, although this name is somewhat misleading. Because not only a dog's hair triggers symptoms in an allergy sufferer. The causative agents of the allergy are proteins, which are found in the animal's skin, urine and saliva in addition to the fur. For this reason, a dog does not necessarily have to be present to trigger an allergic reaction - even people who have recently petted a dog can do the rest to make allergy sufferers sneeze.

It is interesting that the allergens are the same for all dog breeds. However, the amount of allergens is different - depending on the breed and individual, different numbers of allergens can be present. For example, while you do not show any dog ​​allergy symptoms when dealing with a German Shepherd, these can be particularly severe in a boxer. Incidentally, contrary to popular belief, there is no evidence that long-haired breeds cause more allergic reactions than short-haired breeds.

Recognize symptoms of a dog allergy

You can recognize a dog allergy from normal allergy symptoms, frequent sneezing, irritated, swollen and watery eyes, itching on the face. Sometimes asthmatic symptoms appear. Scratching in the throat and reddening of the skin are also possible. If these symptoms occur suspiciously after contacting dogs or dog owners, you should see a doctor to get a dog allergy test. Here is an overview of all common symptoms:

• Allergic runny nose
• Burning and watery eyes
• sneezing
• To cough
• scratching your throat
• Shortness of breath
• Skin swelling and redness

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Find out dog allergy with allergy test

The doctor may be able to find out from a medical history whether you have a dog allergy or not. However, this can only be determined with the help of an allergy test. A skin test such as the prick test and a blood test can be taken for a diagnosis. If you own a dog and have a dog allergy, you can discuss with your doctor how to combat the allergy.