Fawns are usually born in May or June and only follow their mother from the fourth week of life. Before that, the little ones sit for about a week in meadows near the forest or in fields in tall grass. There they are threatened by predators such as wild boars or foxes and by mowers. If you see a fawn somewhere - at first glance "orphaned" - crouching in the grass, you usually don't have to worry and intervene in any way. Often the mother is not far and the little one is fine.
Roe deer are left alone by deer mothers for protection
What sounds strange makes sense: Rehmothers let their youngsters sit alone in the grass for many hours for their own protection. They often only come to their offspring for about 35 minutes a day to suckle them. In this way, the animals instinctively prevent possible enemies from becoming aware of the boy. A fawn is naturally camouflaged with its spotted fur and has no smell of its own, as the mother licks it off after birth - these two properties protect the wild animals while they are lying in the tall grass and waiting to be suckled. So once you've found a fawn, it doesn't mean it is orphaned. It is more likely that the mother is nearby and will stop by sooner or later to suckle.
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Fawn found: Don't touch!
It is vital that you do not touch the fawn. If it takes on human smell, it can be rejected by the mother and then starve. Unfortunately, passers-by who have found a fawn often think that it is orphaned and want to pet the sweet wild animal or even take it with them - both would be fatal decisions for the animal, as it separates the deer mother from the vital milk.
How to behave correctly: First observe
When you find a fawn, behave correctly by just observing it from a long distance. So you also guarantee that you do not disturb the back (the female deer), which is usually not far. If you want to be on the safe side, watch the boy longer and wait for the deer mother to come back. If this does not happen after hours, you can ask the responsible forestry office, the hunter or the nearest wildlife center for help. The specialists then take over the case and take care of the possibly orphaned fawn. Please do not act on your own.
When the deer is injured or in acute danger
If you find a fawn or an adult deer in an acute dangerous situation, there is often not enough time to wait for professional help from a forester or hunter. If you find an animal that is injured or trapped in a fence and whose life is obviously at risk, you can provide emergency assistance. In any case, only do this if the animal is in a life-threatening situation, for example is heavily bleeding or is about to suffocate and you are really confident of the action. Then try to stabilize the animal, depending on the situation, or to move it out of the respective danger area and drive it to the next wildlife station or to a veterinarian. Ideally, you should wear gloves. Tip: Before you take action, call a wildlife sanctuary or the forestry office and describe the situation. At best, you will receive tips for the correct procedure over the phone.