Which ear diseases can cats get?

Unfortunately, cats are quite susceptible to ear diseases because the shape of their ear canal makes cleaning difficult. In addition, bacteria and fungi feel very comfortable in the warm, dark and moist ear canal and can multiply there quickly. Cat ears are sensitive and prone to diseases - Shutterstock / Nikolai Tsvetkov

However, ear diseases in cats can also be caused by parasites, especially ear mites. Untreated injuries or allergies also cause the cat's ears to catch fire.

Ear diseases caused by parasites and bacteria

Ear mites are stubborn beasts that nest in the cat's ears. They can also spread down to the cat's back in the fur, making it very difficult and lengthy to get rid of them. The parasites trigger inflammation that causes severe itching. If cats scratch their ears, the inflammation may worsen. The ear diseases caused by mites are sometimes also called ear mange. If you see small, dark spots or a striking, dark coating on your cat's ears, go to the vet as soon as possible. He can carefully remove the ear mites and show you how to take good care of your cat's ears in the weeks that follow.

Smell the cat's ears strongly and notice a discharge, behind it are ear diseases caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi. Cats usually have a strong immune system that repels such pathogens. But an allergy or a hormone disorder can weaken the immune system, making the pathogens easy. Very young and very old cats are also at risk because their immune systems are not yet strong enough. Your veterinarian can determine where the infection comes from and prescribe appropriate cleansers and medications. However, you shouldn't clean cats' ears on your own - especially not with cotton swabs. You could hurt your cat.

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Other causes of sick cat ears

Hormone disorders such as hyperthyroidism and allergies can lead to ear diseases due to a weakened immune system. However, allergies can also cause itching in the ears, causing the cat to scratch and injure itself there. In addition, ear injuries are often the result of territorial fights among free-movers. If the wounds are treated too late, they may catch fire.

In addition, cats sometimes get tumors on the ears. A possible cause for this is an untreated sunburn on the ears. Cats with light ears in particular run the risk of getting a sunburn, which in the worst case will develop into a so-called squamous cell carcinoma. As a precaution, use sunscreen in summer for free-fall fur noses with bright ears.