Camera technology is a science in itself, in which the opinions of experts sometimes diverge considerably. In fact, a lot depends on the particular camera and its individual settings, whether you photograph dogs correctly or not. The following tips therefore do not guarantee the perfect dog photo, but can prove helpful in many cases.
1. Set focus manually
If you want to photograph dogs correctly, you should focus on the eyes. These should definitely be sharp. Therefore, if possible, manually adjust the focus to the eyes. With automatic focusing, only the nose is usually sharp, which does not have a good effect on the image.
2. Properly photograph dogs with the aperture open
The aperture regulates the incidence of light or the amount of light that flows in and also controls the depth of field. A value between 2.8 and 3.2 denotes an open aperture, between 18 and 22 one speaks of a closed aperture. With an open diaphragm, a lot of light comes through the lens onto the sensor or the film (if you are shooting with an analog camera), with a closed diaphragm, little light comes in. The more open the aperture, the shallower the depth of field, which means that only the object in the vicinity of the camera can be seen clearly, but the background is blurred.
If you want to take pictures of dogs correctly, you should adjust the aperture on the front of the lens accordingly. In order for your four-legged friend to stand out well from the background, an open aperture - such as the setting 2.8 - is recommended in many cases for photography. So put the focus on his face and the background looks nice and soft.
3. ISO 400
The ISO value determines the light sensitivity of the recording medium, for example the sensor in digital cameras and the film in analog cameras. A high ISO value means high sensitivity to light. For example, 100 is a low ISO that you can use during the daytime sunshine. Each doubling step means that the sensor only needs half as much light.
A high ISO value makes sense in the evening, indoors or outdoors with heavy cloud cover. But be careful: A high value produces more noise, which means that the photo appears grainy. Tip: Choose ISO 400 to avoid problems in changing lighting conditions. You don't go wrong with this intermediate value.
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4. Short shutter speed for motion pictures
The so-called shutter speed refers to the exposure time, i.e. the period in which the sensor of the digital camera is exposed to the light when the picture is taken. Set a fast shutter speed if you want to properly photograph your playing, raging, running, swimming or jumping dog. This way you can capture a short moment of motion in a sharp manner and do not have to worry about motion blur.
The higher the number, the faster the shutter speed and the less light can enter the camera. Movement images only get really sharp from 1 / 1,000 seconds. You can also choose a slower shutter speed for quiet portraits, but under 1/60 to 1/125 second you need either a very steady hand or a tripod, otherwise the pictures will blur.
5. Set sport mode
If you don't feel like setting everything up manually, you can try your luck with the sport mode. Functions such as burst mode should then be active. Whether this works depends on your camera and the situation. Tip: Please refer to the operating instructions for your camera.
You can find further tips, for example on the correct position when taking pictures or on the light, in the guide "6 simple tips for beautiful dog photos".